Dr. NK Magu

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Pelvis and Acetabulam

Among the most serious injuries that orthopedic surgeons treat are fractures of the pelvis or the acetabulum of the hip joint. The pelvis and acetabulum are vital components of the hip joint and can be affected by various conditions. 

Pelvic and acetabular fractures, which frequently arise from stressful events like car accidents or falls, call for prompt, accurate medical attention and, in certain situations, one or more surgical operations. These kinds of injuries can affect people of any age. Here are a few common conditions along with their forms:

1. Acetabular labral Tear

An injury to the cartilage and tissue in the hip socket is known as a hip acetabular or labral tear. Encircling the rim of the acetabulum, the hip socket is a band of resilient cartilage and connective tissue called the labrum. It prevents the bones from rubbing against one another directly by cushioning the hip joint. The labrum also improves joint stability and aids in maintaining the position of the leg bone.

2. Acetabular Dysplasia

Acetabular dysplasia is characterized by an abnormally shallow hip socket, which puts too much pressure on the hip socket’s rim and exposes the femoral head. This may hurt, particularly if you exercise a lot.

3. Acetabular Fracture

A break in the “ball-and-socket” hip joint socket is known as an acetabular fracture. Compared to fractures of the upper femur or femoral head, these hip socket fractures are extremely uncommon. Any kind of high-energy incident, like an automobile accident, is the primary cause of acetabular fractures. It frequently happens that individuals have more injuries that need to be treated right away. An acetabular fracture can occur less frequently in elderly adults with weaker bones as a result of a low-energy occurrence, like a fall from standing.

4. Pelvic Fracture

The pelvis is a sturdy ring of bones placed near the base of the spine. Pelvic ring fractures are quite uncommon and can vary greatly in severity, depending on whether the major or minor ring is shattered. Pelvic rings frequently fracture multiple times. Without surgery, a little fracture such as the kind that could result from a jogging impact might heal in a few weeks. On the other hand, a severe pelvic fracture may cause harm to the organs the pelvis protects and may pose a threat to life. This kind of fracture frequently requires prolonged physical therapy and rehabilitation in addition to immediate medical attention.

5. Acetabular Osteoarthritis

Acetabular osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease that affects the acetabulum, the socket-like structure in the hip that houses the femur i.e. the thigh bone. In this disorder, the hip joint’s cartilage breaks down, causing discomfort, stiffness, and decreased movement.

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